Basic Schools of Management - Exercises

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Basic Schools of Management


In groups discuss your answers to the questions.

  1. What are the main ideas of the classical school of management?
  2. Who made major contributions to management thinking around the turn of this century?
  3. Who was Taylor supported in his efforts by?
  4. What were the principles of Taylor's philosophy?
  5. What books have significantly influenced the theory and practice of management?
  6. When did some observers of organizations become convinced that scientific management was shortsighted and incomplete? What did EIton Mayo and F. J. Roethlisberger believe in?
  7. What was the behavioral school of management primarily concerned with?
  8. How can you define the human relations movement?
  9. What does the term "modem behaviorism" refer to?
  10. Why have behavioral scientists often criticized classical management theory and scientific management?
  11. What points do behaviorists' specific criticisms include?
  12. Which approach is a way of thinking about man-agement problems?
  13. What is the basic idea of the contingency approach?
  14. Are the systems approach and the contingency approach similar?
  15. What approach must managers in the 1990 s and beyond use to survive?
  16. Why will the contingency view become more relevant?

Read the text again and decide whether the following statements are True or False

  1. In response to the growth of the large organizations in the late nineteenth century and during the early twentieth century, there was an intensified interest in management as a process and as a science.
  2. Taylor stated many times that scientific management wouldn't require a revolution in thinking by both the manager and the subordinate.
  3. In the 1920s and 1930s, some observers of organizations became convinced that scientific management was shortsighted and incomplete.
  4. Much behavioral research supports the thesis that reasonable satisfaction of the needs and desires of employees will lead to greater output.
  5. The term "modern behaviorism" doesn't refer to the current stage of evolution of the behavioral school of management.
  6. The systems approach to management is really a way of thinking about management problems. It views an organization as a group of interrelated parts with a single purpose.
  7. Managers in the 1990s and beyond shouldn't use a contingency approach to survive. Reliance on a classical or behavioral or management science approach will be sufficient for tomorrow's organizations.

Choose the appropriate response to the following questions

1. Which approach to management got increasing popularity in the last three decades?
a) classical approach;
b) contingency approach;
c) behavioral approach;
d) systems approach;
e) scientific approach.

2. Does behavioral approach focus on?

a) managing work;
b) managing operations;
c) managing organizations;
d) managing people.

3. Which approach to management assumes that there should be different ways to solve management problems?
a) classical approach;
b) behavioral approach;
c) contingency approach;
d) systems approach;
e) none of the above mentioned.

Сomplete the chart and mark the stressed syllable in each word of more than one syllable

 Nouns Verbs

Write down as many words as you can which start with the prefixes in the box

 un mis

Match the prefixes in the box above to the words in the box below.

 courage important



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